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Did You Know?

The lion’s name is derived from the Latin leo, and the Ancient Greek λέων (leon). The lion’s closest relatives are the other species of the genus Panthera: the tiger, the snow leopard, the jaguar, and the leopard. Of the living felids the lion is second only to the tiger in length and weight. Its skull is very similar to that of the tiger,  although the frontal region is usually more depressed and flattened, with a slightly shorter postorbital region and broader nasal  openings than that of a tiger. However, due to the amount of skull variation in the two species, usually only the structure of the  lower jaw can be used as a reliable indicator of species.

Lion Characteristic

Lions spend much of their time resting and are inactive for about 20 hours per day. Although lions can be active at any time,  their activity generally peaks after dusk with a period of socialising, grooming, and defecating. Intermittent bursts of activity  follow through the night hours until dawn, when hunting most often takes place. They spend an average of two hours a day walking and 50 minutes eating.

While lions do not usually hunt people, some (usually males) seem to seek out human prey

Lion Habitat

In Africa, lions can be found in savanna grasslands with scattered Acacia trees, which serve as shade; their habitat in India is a mixture of dry savanna forest and very dry deciduous scrub forest. The habitat of lions originally spanned the southern parts of Eurasia, ranging from Greece to India, and most of Africa except the central rainforest-zone and the Sahara desert.

Lion Popular Culture

The lion has been an icon for humanity for thousands of years, appearing in cultures across Europe, Asia, and Africa. Despite incidents of attacks on humans, lions have enjoyed a positive depiction in culture as strong and noble.  A common depiction is their representation as “king of the jungle” or “king of beasts”;  hence, the lion has been a popular symbol of royalty and stateliness, as well as a symbol of bravery